by Mark Verber
The following page was originally written after my wife and I returned from a trip in the early 1990s doing international development & education. We each fit everything needed for multi-week trip into a carry-on bag. This permitted our two check-through bags to be filled with educational materials that we would deliver to the project without paying shipping charges. Many of our colleagues brought a couple of huge bags for their own use. They asked how we managed to get everything into carry-on bags. This page started out as the write-up for our colleagues.
Traveling light by packing light has a number of advantages:
Remember the traveler's motto: It's better to bring half of what you think you need, and twice as much money.
Luggage which is 7"x14"x20" will fit under nearly all commercial airplane seats, and is permitted as a carry-on bag on almost all airlines. Luggage which is 9x14x22 (45 linear inches) will fit under the seat in most commercial jets used in the USA and all overhead bins. There are two caviets. It is possible to overstuff soft side luggage to the point that it will not fit under a seat, so if you bag is bulging on the sides, you have packed too much. Just because you bag will fit under the seat in front of you doesn't mean that it will be acceptable carry-on. Some regional airlines limit carry-on bags to 5kg, which is about 70% of what my bag weights. There is a nice summary of carry one restrictions by airline, but you should contact your carrier since these restrictions can vary. OAG's Carry-on restrictions (2008) was great... I don't know where their current summary is. Some airlines permit one carry on, and a second personal item. Often the personal item must be under 9x10x17.
In general I suggest staying away from wheeled bags. They cost more, add extra weight, and hold less than similarly size travel pack. I would generally recommend using a "travel pack" which is a cross between a backpack, and soft-side luggage. Travel packs will have often have light weight internal frames to make them easier to carry: handles on the top and side to carry as luggage, and backpack straps that tuck away. A close relative are travel duffel bags which tend to be simplier with a more "outdoor" style. In the 1990s many companies made travel packs, but few seem to today. When looking at travel packs make sure they are still under the limit for carry-ons! Feature and size creep has resulting in travel packs which are quite heavy and are too big to be used for carry-on. The only decent carry-on size travel packs I know of are:
Some people combine adventure travel (where they carry their packs moderate distanced between hotels, hostels, and people's homes) with longer hikes and possibly time spent in the back country. In these cases the traveler will want a pack which is both carry-on legal, has a great suspension, and will have enough volume to carry the extra items required (cooking gear, insulation for sleeping, shelter, multiple days of food). Ideally, the pack would either have a good compression system (so that it carries well with carry-on volume but has room for your trek when your full food load is added) or permits items to be strapped to the outside. Six Moon Designs made a pack called the Traveler which was perfect for this sort of use, but it's now discontinued. Maybe you can find one used. There are many frameless packs, and several or lightly framed packs such as the SMD StarLite and Gossamer Gear Gorilla (I have used several times) which work for this sort of situation. Remember that you can't take fuel, knife, or hiking poles carry-on. The other option would be to take a larger pack and ship it in a duffel bag.
All but the most minimalist travelers typically want a smaller bag for "daily" use when they aren't in transit. Some travel packs have a zip-off daypack. While this might seem cool, I have not found this helpful. If you have the daypack attached, your bag no longer qualified as a carry-on bag. Additionally, I have found the daypack the wrong size and shape for my day-to-day needs. My day-to-day bag is a patagonia UL courier. The material is light enough that it can be easily packed away in my travel pack but durable enough to have survived several years of use. I like the courier style over a backpack style because it's usable when wearing my travel pack on my back, provides easier access compared to a backpack which you have to remove from your back to gain access, and you are less likely to have a sweaty back.
These days, we are restricted to one carry-one bag or if we are lucky, a carry-one and one "purse / computer / briefcase". Normally my everyday bag is in my travel pack during transit and comes out at the destination for use. When I know I can bring a "personal item" and a carry on, I will use my courier to hold anything I will need during the flight and put my travel pack in the above luggage compartment. On return trips where I have accumulated stuff, my courier bag sometimes becomes my carry on bag, and the travel bag is checked through.
Some people find small, "parachute cloth" tote bags can be very handy. These cost around $12, weight just a few ounces, and take almost no space. They can be used for grocery shopping, to hold dirty laundry, as a carry-on bag, etc.
If you really need to bring more stuff than fits in carry on, I would recommend selecting durable duffel bag which has backpacking straps. I would recommended the discontinued :-( Eagle Creek ORV Gear Bag, it's replacement Hybrid Hauler, or one of the duffels with shoulder straps fromfrom North Face or Marmot.
You should select clothing which can be mixed and matched: colors which coordinate and layers which can be varied for look and comfort. To minimize the amount of clothing needed, you should plan to wash your clothing during any trip which is longer than a few days. While most people pay most of their attention to the styling of clothing, you will find that the fabric used in the clothing can make a significant different in your ease of travel.
Most of my clothing is made from either Merino wool or from from fabrics made by Schoeller. I recommend getting wrinkle-resistant or wrinkle-proof clothing so you don't have to iron. If you are washing your clothing yourself, you want your clothing to be made from a fast drying fabric such as light weight merino wool, one of the modern micro-fibers, or a high quality nylon such as Nycott, Supplex, or Softweave. Cotton jeans can take upwards of 48 hours to dry while pants made of micro-fiber or nylon can drip dry overnight, and will dry while you wear them in less than an hour. This means that you can wear clothing during the day, wash them at the end of the day, and in the morning they will fully dry in most conditions, and mostly dry in very humid conditions. The number of days an given clothing item can be worn without washing is highly dependent on the local conditions and the individual. Fabric also can also effect how frequently you need to wash an item. For example, I am normally comfortable wearing jeans two days in a row, but if it is hot and I am sweating a lot, I am only comfortable wearing my jeans for a day. On the other hand, some trekking pants treated with Teflon or Schoeller's Nanosphere treatment can easily be worn for three days in warm weather and at least four in cold weather before they start feeling a bit uncomfortable. Some quick dry pants have a slightly calendered internal face such as the Royal Robbins Global Pants which I have found makes them more comfortable in extreme conditions. While Merino wool doesn't dry a quickly as modern synthetics, it does not pick up a funky smell which enables merino shirts to be worn for multiple days before it needs to be washed. There are a number of small companies which make clothing that is particually well suited for travel including:
You should adjust the style of your cloths to the local sensibilities. For example, in many countries when you get away from "international class" cities women are expected to wear skirts or dresses which go below the knee and blouses that at least cover the shoulders. Women not so clothed are assumed to be prostitutes or "loose" and could find themselves harassed by local men. In many Muslim areas women are expected to keep their heads covered with a scarf or a hat. For men, the appropriate level of formality can be highly variable. In some locations slacks, a button up shirt, and blazer are normal and appropriate. Other locations it's perfectly acceptable to wear sandals, boardshorts, and a teen shirt into a 5-star restaurant.
Layering of clothing can lighten your load while keeping you comfortably clothed. Seasoned travelers and backpackers are very familiar with the idea of layering. Rather than bring a number of coats (or other clothing items) each suited to a particular condition (a down coat for really cold, a shelled-bunting for cold, and a denim jacket for moderate weather, an overcoat for rain, etc.) you bring clothing which can be worn in varying combinations. I have found that the combination of medium weight long-underwear, normal clothing, a light merino wool sweater, a down-like insulating vest, light weight waterproof/breathable jacket, and hat keeps me warm in below 0F weather and takes up minimal space in my luggage. Yet I can mix and match the various layers so I am comfortable when it is 20F, 40F, 60F, and warmer. For a few more thoughts on this, see my Outdoor Clothing page. I know some women who really love the Infinity Dress because they can wear it in multiple styles and Macabi Adventure Skirt because it can be worn as shorts, pants, or a skirt.
If you are heading for cold weather, bring a set of modern long-underwear, they can make a real difference in keeping you warm. A nice wool sweater (dark color) is extremely useful. Besides keeping you warm, a sweater can make you look more "dressed up" than you are. A dressy jacket (blazer) isn't always required (often a nice sweater and button down shirt/blouse are enough), but it will make you look good which might be important as you cross borders, or get invited to a special dinner. I bring one of two shells that I own. If I am expecting to be outside for extended periods of time in the rain I bring a waterproof breathable Jacket make from eVENT which keeps me dry even when I am moderately active. This jacket weights 9oz and packs up fairly compactly. If I am expecting moderate weather, or if I am not going to be outside for an extended period of time I take a durable water repellent (DWR) jacket such as the Patagonia Houdini windshirt. The windshirt weights only 4oz, packs down smaller than a apple, and "breaths" better than any of the current waterproof "breathable" materials while still providing 100% wind protection and keeping me dry for brief rain storms. Since the DWR shell jacket isn't completely waterproof, I will bring a small umbrella if I expect heavy rain storms.
Don't forget to bring a hat. If you are going to be someplace sunny, you should bring a hat with a wide brim to reduce the risk of sunburn, keep your head cool, and protect your eyes from too much light. It is best to bring a hat which can be rolled/folded up and can take a lot of abuse. It hot weather I would recommened the geeky, but highly effective hats from Sunday Afternoons.When the weather is moderate, I take either a Tilley Hat or a OR Seattle Sombrero. If cold weather is at all likely, bring a wool or polyester stocking hat. It will take up very little room, and will help keep your warm since people lose 35-40% of their body heat from their neck & head.
The best shoes to bring will depend on the local conditions and weather. In colder locales, insulated boots are wonderful. In hot climates sandals are great. You should always bring one pair of shoes that you would be comfortable wearing for a whole day on your feet while walking several miles. If these shoes are not be appropriate for everywhere you want to go, then bring a second pair of shoes which would be appropriate. In the summer I bring a pair of Keen Sandals. The rest of the year I typically bring a pair of Alta running shoes. I used to wear more minimalist sandals such as those made by Xeno Shoes and Luna Sandals but found that I really like the protection provided by Keen's toe guard. If I have to get dressed up I will bring a pair of Soft Star Shoes which are minimalist shoes. Other light / compact packing shoes that can be worn in more dressy situations are made by Lems Shoes and Vivo Barefoot. In many international locales you will want to have shower thongs (or use your sports sandals) when you take a shower or go into the bathroom since they floors are nasty.
TOILETRIES, FIRST AID, AND SAFETY
Dehydration is a common problem among travelers, especially when you are flying. Make sure you drink enough. Safe drinking water is extremely important. In many countries, the tap water is not safe to drink. These days the high-tech filters such as the Pur Voyageur are small, easy to use, and extremely effective. Make sure whatever filter you get is able to remove or kill viruses. You should always have something to carry safe water in. I like the Platypus Water Bags because they are durable and collapse nearly flat and Zojirushi Double Walled Mug because it insulated better than any other double wall container I have tested and has a flawless design..
All of my toiletries, first aid, and repair items fits into a quarter size Glad BigZip plastic bag. Remember to kee[ your liquids and gels separate in containers no larger than 3 oz. I typically have been able to reuse containers for this purpose (like samples and items provided by hotels. If you can't find containers for free you could buy some fromy easytraveler inc. The humangear GoToobs are very nice but pricy. Don't take full-size items (normal size bar of soap or a tube of toothpaste), but use the travel/sample size, if not a smaller amount in an appropriately size container. Hint: try measuring the amount of toiletries you use for a week or two. It might be much less than what you think is needed. If you are bring anything which is a liquid, double wrap it in zip-lock bags to prevent leaks. In many parts of the world, toilet paper is not common, nor are flush toilets. It is always wise to bring some toilet paper on your journey, and keep a small amount with you at all times.
Pick-pockets are extremely common and are attracted to locations which have a lot of travelers/tourists. This is especially true in third world locations frequented by comparatively rich western travelers. Na´ve American tourist (and that is how we are viewed most places) are often careless, and might have more than a month's waging for the easy taking. Don't be a victim. Carry your valuables in a travel wallet under your clothing. Note: the classic travel wallets don't work well for all people. For example, short women who need to wear dresses might have problems finding security wallets which do not create an unsightly bulge not to mention being able to get to the wallet without undressing. I have found that the ankle security wallets work pretty well. There are also a number of the travel companies sell vests which are specifically designed for traveling. These vests have pockets inside which can be sealed against pickpockets. While some travel vests make you look like a foreign correspondent (lots of oversize pockets), there are a number of very fashionable vests which can add color to wardrobe and don't make you stand out as a "tourist / photo-journalist".
One of the best things you can bring back from your trip are photographs. I would strongly recommend bringing a camera. Even if you don't normally take photographs, you should still plan to bring a small point-and-shoot camera. I have a page about Choicing a Camera. Take a look at the "How to Use a Point-and-Shoot" on PHOTO.NET, or read David Pogue's Digital Photography: The Missing Manual before you go on your trip.
In the USA, especially in larger hotels, it is common to get clean linens every day. At a minimum you expect to have fresh linens when you get a room. All hotels are not like this, especially if you are far from mainstream tourist areas or in a budget hotel. Even if you don't normally use pajamas, you might want something that you can sleep in. I know a number of people who bring a pair of silk pajamas because they feel nice and take up almost no room. Long underwear can double as pajamas if you need them to. Some people like using "sleeping sacks". Having a clean pillowcase to lay your head on is also very nice.
Gift giving is very common outside the US. You should bring some small gifts. Especially if someone makes you a home cooked meal or shows great hospitality. Handmade items are always appreciated. A small needlework, a drawing, a small bag or pouch decorated by hand. Postcards from your home town, chocolate, small pins, LED lights, small calculator, or a key chain with something nifty on it. A great way to delight small children is learn to make animals out of balloons.
Technology: Many people feel compelled to bring technology with them. Computers, short-wave radios, walkmans, all sorts of electronic devices. There is nothing wrong with any of these objects. It is possible that each of them can enrich your journey. But before you pack your favorite electronic gear, ask yourself questions like Do I really want to bring this with me? What will happen if I don't hear the latest news? Maybe I will relax more? Am I really going to use this laptop, or is it going to be a four pound weight around my neck? Do I really want to listen to my walkman or will it cut me off from the new environment I am trying to experience? Also make sure you have backup for whatever information is in your electronic gear. My Palm Pilot locked up one a trip (first time this ever happened) and I lost all the addresses of people I was going to send postcards to.
Noise Reduction: Planes and trains can be quite noisy. Noise is fatiguing so it's good to cut it down. There are a number of companies such as Bose that make noise reducing headphones which use active sound cancelation to reduce noise. More compact, and typically cheaper and higher sound quality are sound issolating in the ear monitoribgs or even basic ear plugs. I use a pair of etymotic hf3 ear buds which I think is the lowest price sound issolating ear bud which provide high quality audio playback as well as full iPhone controls.
Let your trip be a growing experience... be willing to be pushed beyond your day to day comfort zone. You might find books like The Art of Pilgrimage by Phil Cousineau & Huston Smith encouraging.
[The following text is copied from Eagle Creek Inc. "Responsible Travel" page]
Travel can first and foremost be a learning experience. We learn about the culture and land we visit and we learn about ourselves. Traveling to remote and unusual places, far from the standard and well-traveled tourist destinations, can rekindle our adventure spirit and renew a sense of perspective in our daily lives.
Such places are often very sensitive to outside disruption and exist in a delicate cultural or environmental balance. As travelers, each of us holds a responsibility to protect this balance. Eagle Creek offers the following suggestions for all of us:
Understand and Observe Local Customs: Acquaint yourself with the culture and customs of the lands you visit and respect them. Other cultures may take offense to certain innocent and unassuming gestures. For, in some societies people do not wish to be photographed without their permission.
Support the Local Economy: Stay in locally owned establishments. It gives you better cultural exposure to the region and it is of direct economic benefit to the community. Avoid chain hotels, which often channel profits out of the region or country. Eat the local cuisine. Why waste your taste buds on totally familiar foods you have at home and are not indigenous to the area. Enjoy the provincial fare which supports the local eateries, growers, fishermen, wineries, etc. Buy local crafts. Avoid souvenirs mass produced in Chinese or Korean factories. Your purchases should support local artisans and help perpetuate their traditions, crafts and culture.
Be Patient and Positive: Remember that travel means strange languages and unfamiliar surroundings. Expect the unexpected. Try not to get frustrated and don't be afraid to ask for help. Courtesy is usually responded to with kindness. Delays, detours, and other inconveniences will occur. Be patient, be positive, and remember to smile!
BEFORE YOU GO
Find someone who will take care of your residence. You will want someone to pick up your mail (or have the post office hold your mail), water your plants, feed your pets, etc.
Pay all your bills before you leave. If important bills are likely to arrive after you leave, but come due before you get back, leave checks with the person taking care of your mail which have been filled out with as much information as possible and leave pre-addressed stamped envelopes.
Take care of any medical issues. Make an appointment to see your doctor at least three months before you leave. Discuss any health issues that you have been putting off dealing with, and find get whatever vaccinations you need. Likewise, make appointments with other medical practitioner such as your dentist or optometrist if you haven't seen them recently. As long as you are taking care of yourself, go get your hair cut.
If you don't have a passport and valid visa, start the paperwork. Passports used to take six-eight weeks to be processed. My understanding is that it's now taking a number of months. Visa will often take a number of weeks. If you are unable to get a passport fast enough for your trip, contact you US congressman's office since they can often speed up the process. There are a number of organizations that expedite visa if you are short of time. Make sure you leave someone with important documents such as your will, health information, copies of your passport and visa.
Mark Verber's Travel Information: My other travel links: URL: http://www.verber.com/mark/travel/
The Compleat Carry-On Traveler: What to Take, What To Take It In, How to Pack It. by Doug Dyment. My packing list is a based on Doug's. URL: http://www.onebag.com/home.html
TravelLite FAQ: How to pack, what to bring, etc. This page has a lot of good links. URL: http://www.travelite.org/
How to See the World on $25 a Day or Less: A wonder web site by John Gregory which suggests meeting people is the best part of traveling. URL: http://www.artoftravel.com/
Footloose and Fancy-Free in the Third World: Great times on adventure travel, especially in the 3rd world by Randy Johnson. URL: http://www.ease.com/~randyj/rjfootls.htm
Tyman's Recommended Gear: Tyman takes minimalist traveling to the extreme. I don't go this light, but he has an interesting perspective. There are a number of blog posts on the site related to minimalist travel. His current packing list. URL: http://tynan.com/gear2016
Rick Steves' Travel Tips: Great recommendations, mostly focused on light weight travel in Europe. URL: http://www.ricksteves.com/plan/tips/tips_menu.htm
Sierra Trading Post: Mail order catalog which has quality outdoor gear at 30-70% retail prices. URL: http://www.sierratradingpost.com
TravelSmith: Mail order catalog which focuses on clothing designed for travel . URL: http://www.travelsmith.com/
Magellan's: Mail order catalog which has every imaginable travel gadget. Some of them are even useful. URL: http://www.magellans.com/
REI: The classic mail order catalog for backpackers and other outdoor enthusiasts. URL: http://www.rei.com
Campmor: Mail order catalog which has quality outdoor gear. URL: http://www.campmor.com
Ex Officio: Versatile clothing for travel. URL: http://www.exofficio.com
PhotoNET: Website maintained by Philip Greenspun with useful information about travel photography. http://photo.net/webtravel/
Travel's Checklist Useful system which will generate a custom packing list based on type of trip which you can then update. URL: http://www.travelschecklist.com/
Joshua Project: Web site with information peoples groups of the world which don't have a significant Christian population. URL: http://www.joshuaproject.net/
Items marked with "*" are added when appropriate. "**" indicate items I typically don't carry, but many people seem to carry. The following list has been used on multi-week trips. Clothing was washed as needed in bathroom sinks and hung dry. The list I personally use is down a bit further.
All of the items below are on my iphone now
MARK'S SPECIFIC PACKING LIST
The following is my personal list for an extended trip with variable weather and varying "social" expectations. This differences from the above list because generics have been replaced by the specific items I take. Items marked with "*" are added when appropriate.
ElectronicsTransfer from my EDC in Tom Bihm bag: